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Airforce One landed in Sharm el-Sheikh at 3:20pm on Friday and left at 6:20pm for Cambodia. That gave US president Joe Biden simply sufficient time to satisfy Egypt’s Abdel Fattah el-Sisi and ship a 30-minute speech.
The Cop27 go to is a stopover to greater enterprise subsequent week when Biden meets China’s Xi Jinping in Bali forward of the G20 summit.
Beijing suspended local weather talks with Washington after home speaker Nancy Pelosi visited Taiwan in August. Relations between the 2 superpowers might make or break the end result of Cop27.
In Egypt, Biden got here to indicate off his $370bn local weather package deal – for the US – and promise deeper methane cuts within the oil and gasoline sector.
However there was little for the remainder of world. On what issues for the “implementation Cop” – money – Biden had his arms tied.
With out congressional settlement, Biden can’t put extra money on the desk. However he gave some particulars on how his administration will parcel out its current finances – together with to spice up Egypt’s clear power plans.
Senior US officers briefed upfront that Biden would press el-Sisi on human rights points. Critically, the discharge of Alaa Abdel Fattah, the Egyptian-British activist on starvation strike, who stopped ingesting water six days in the past.
Egyptian authorities instructed his mom el-Fattah had undergone “medical intervention”. That would imply he’s being force-fed however the household has no proof he’s nonetheless alive.
The #FreeAlaa marketing campaign has dominated the summit. El-Fattah’s destiny might overshadow any local weather legacy.
His household urged Biden to not go away the nation with out proof el-Fattah lives. Because the wheels of Airforce One left the tarmac, there was no phrase.
Younger activists holding a banner briefly interrupt @POTUS speech at #COP27. In contrast to in previous local weather conferences, protests have been severely curtailed, with no massive marches round #Egypt’s Sharm el-Sheikh pic.twitter.com/UluJ5csNFv
— Laura MillanLombraña (@LauraMillanL) November 11, 2022
Crumbs of assist
Biden needed to come to Cop27 with one thing to say about how the US will assist creating nations to deal with worsening local weather impacts. However political headwinds restrict his choices.
He has requested Congress approve $11bn in local weather funding for the 2023 finances. That may make good on his annual $11.4bn local weather finance pledge. However the outcomes of the midterm elections might resolve in any other case.
If Republicans win management of the Home of Representatives, which is wanting probably, they may intestine the pledge. If the conservatives come out on high, Democrats have till the tip of 2022 to move the finances or see the commitments quashed.
As an alternative, Biden set out how he’ll spend leftover funding already appropriated by Congress. It features a doubling of the US contribution to the Adaptation Fund from $50m to $100m and particulars for the way it will spend $150m to assist Africa put together for local weather impacts.
The dribs and drabs of funding introduced at present are a far cry from what creating nations have been calling for. Biden remained silent on loss and injury finance.
“President Biden is pulling practically each lever accessible to him to ship daring local weather motion at dwelling. The inconvenient fact is that the USA is grossly underperforming on its worldwide local weather finance commitments,” mentioned Ani Dasgupta, CEO of the World Assets Institute.
“Biden is throwing crumbs into a lot of totally different pots. That may sound spectacular however it’s not the assistance that’s wanted,” mentioned Mohamed Adow, director of Energy Shift Africa.
Reality test of the day
Requested by the Guardian at present if she felt personally chargeable for local weather disasters like flooding in Pakistan, the CEO of US oil firm Occidental Vicki Hollub accepted that local weather disasters are “an issue” however mentioned she was no extra accountable than individuals who fly in planes, have iPhones or put on good garments.
She added: “We’re being rather more aggressive round emissions. We’ve got to be… We’re doing this direct air seize faster than anybody else as a result of we all know we have to handle it rapidly.”
It’s true that Occidental is doing direct air seize – sucking carbon dioxide out of the environment – faster than anybody else. Funded by United Airways, they’re constructing the world’s greatest direct air seize facility.
When it opens in 2024, it should take away 0.5 million tonnes of CO2 a yr. It goals to scale up the operation and seize 25Mt a yr by 2032.
That ought to cowl Occidental’s emissions from its operations, which had been 25Mt in 2020.
However it’s nowhere close to sufficient to cowl the emissions from prospects burning its oil, of round 200Mt a yr – equal to Bangladesh and its 166 million inhabitants.
To offset these emissions, Occidental would wish to construct a whole bunch of direct air seize crops. Eradicating a tonne of CO2 this fashion prices round $250 to $600. Whereas casts are anticipated to return down, wouldn’t or not it’s cheaper to depart that oil within the floor?
‘Palms full with gasoline’ – BP Egypt has its “arms full with gasoline” and “gained’t be a automobile” for the inexperienced power transition within the area, British ambassador to Egypt Gareth Bayley wrote in inside emails to colleagues, obtained from the UK International Workplace beneath the Freedom of Data Act by Tradition Unstained.
Inexperienced hydrogen hub – Africa might seize as a lot as 10% of inexperienced hydrogen market, serving to to create 3.7m jobs and including $120bn to the continent’s GDP, in accordance with a report by Masdar, the UAE’s greatest clear power agency.
Carbon wonk beef – Main local weather modeller Joeri Rogelj has accused the International Carbon Challenge of inflating the remaining carbon finances for 1.5C in its newest evaluation. This presents “a extra lenient and forgiving image”, he tweeted.
Each little counts – The EU can nudge its local weather objective of slicing emissions by no less than 55% to 57% by 2030 after reaching an settlement on forestry and land use rules. The deal units a goal to extend the carbon sink from land use and forestry by 15%.
Commerce and slavery – The US has blocked greater than 1,000 shipments of photo voltaic power elements from China over issues about using compelled labour, Reuters reviews. A Chinese language international ministry spokesperson denied claims of abuse in Xinjiang province and mentioned the blockade would hinder the worldwide response to local weather change.
Shell backs Bitcoin – Shell will launch a bitcoin mining initiative on the bitcoin convention In Miami in Could, in accordance with Bitcoin magazine, the event organiser. On the occasion, Shell will declare that it’s utilizing immersion cooling fluid to make Bitcoin greener and reduce mining’s carbon footprint by as much as 48%.
Come collectively – The UK delegation’s assembly rooms are named after Beatles’ songs. Up to now Hey Jude, Yellow Submarine and Blackbird have been noticed.
Good farming? – The UAE-US-led Intention for Local weather initiative has introduced a doubling of funding for local weather sensible agriculture and innovating meals methods to greater than $8bn. An investigation by De Smog beforehand revealed the initiative has shut ties with climate-denying meat trade teams.
Taiwan’s cowl – It hurts China’s emotions when Taiwan asserts its sovereignty, so the democracy has to get artistic to participate in multilateral boards. On the Cop27 venue, attempt the St Kitts and Nevis pavilion for data on Taiwan’s local weather plans.
Inexperienced, Saudi-style – If you wish to learn to save the planet, the Saudi Inexperienced Initiative has you coated. Bloomberg journalist Akshat Rathi took its quiz, which incorporates questions on how you sweep your tooth and cope with extra meals. Why nothing on air journey or meat consuming? Too radical, apparently.
Supply: Climate Change News