David Byrne is all for connectedness these days. “Everybody’s coming to my house/And I’m never gonna be alone,” he sings on Broadway in “American Utopia,” half joyful, half fretful, still open. His online magazine, “Reasons to Be Cheerful” — which bills itself as “a tonic for tumultuous times” — catalogs all the ways in which people are pulling together to make sure the world does not in fact go to hell in a handbasket. And on Feb. 2, he reprises this theme of connectedness at Pace Gallery in Chelsea with a show of 48 whimsical line drawings that span 20 years of art making, from his “tree” series of the early ’00s to the “dingbats” he made in lockdown in 2020-2021.
Byrne’s drawings are modest affairs, not much bigger than a standard sheet of paper. They compare perhaps with George Cruikshank’s illustrations for “Oliver Twist,” or John Tenniel’s for “Alice in Wonderland.” But when I dropped by the gallery two weeks ago to see them being hung, I found him some 15 feet up in the air, standing on a hydraulic lift as he labeled branches of an enormous tree he’d drawn on a wall that’s a good 20 feet high.
Tree drawings are like org diagrams: They establish relationships. This one, titled “Human Content” and splayed in super-scale across the stark, white wall, is different in ways that are unique to Byrne. It shows not only branches but roots, and while the branches are labeled with familiar human categories — “nephews,” “boys,” “cousins,” “aunts,” “friends” — the roots bear the names of things that in one way or another affect our lives: “sugar,” “sand,” “boxes,” “words,” “wheels,” “holes,” “sauces.”
Staring intently and wielding an extra-large paint stick, Byrne added the word “singers” to a branch high in the treetop.
With his tree drawings, he explained afterward as we sat at a huge conference table in a back-office section of the gallery, “I’m trying to imagine connections between things that we don’t normally think of as being connected. I just thought, let’s see if I can let my imagination run free with that. If I can imagine connections where connections aren’t usually presumed to exist.”
This whole connectedness thing may seem odd for someone who rose to prominence in 1970s New Wave as the lead singer for Talking Heads, the avatar de facto alienation. “As a younger person, I was uncomfortable socially,” he confessed. “But as often happens with those things, many people just kind of grow out of it.”
David Byrne’s Multihyphenate Universe
The former Talking Heads frontman transcends any narrow definitions with his diverse talents and interests.
- The Musician: In this 2018 profile, Byrne, often thought of as an emblem of alienation, speaks about writing songs about America.
- The Broadway Performer: In his staged concert “American Utopia,” Byrne emerges as an avuncular shepherd to flocks of fans, our critic writes.
- The Movie Star: In the screen version of the Broadway show, directed by Spike Lee, the musician’s energy takes center stage.
- The Artist: Byrne’s whimsical line drawings, produced over 20 years, will be on display at Pace Gallery in Chelsea starting Feb. 2. Here’s a preview.
- The Cyclist: His love for bicycles is so strong, he even designed his bike racks. A Times reporter and photographer joined him for a ride.
- The Reader (and Writer): In this 2020 interview, Byrne, who has also turned “American Utopia” into a book, shared some of his favorite authors.
Sometimes to an almost alarming extent: “Now I can talk to strangers,” he continued. “They don’t know who I am, they don’t know what I do or anything like that, but sometimes I go hiking and if there’s somebody coming on the path, I inevitably say hi to them. It’s also possible to do it on the streets of New York. If it’s at night and you’re walking down some street I might say hi.”
“It has gotten me into trouble. Maybe I’m compensating, maybe I’m — but most of the time, it seems like a nice thing to do, to acknowledge someone’s existence.”
Byrne’s dingbat drawings, 115 of which have been gathered in a book called “A History of the World (in Dingbats)” that Phaidon is publishing Feb. 16, are about the toll of disconnectedness — specifically, the kind that has been imposed on us by the pandemic. Byrne started making them in the spring of 2020 after an editor on the Reasons to Be Cheerful website asked if he could make some simple, decorative drawings they could use to break up columns of type — the kind of thing printers used to call “dingbats.” No problem: It wasn’t as if he had much else to do, sitting there in lockdown in his West Chelsea loft. But soon he found himself doing drawings like “Infinite Sofa,” of a sofa that seems to go on forever but has people sitting on it too far apart to connect, and “T.M.I.”, which shows a person flattened by an enormous smartphone.
“I didn’t set out to do drawings that responded to the whole pandemic and the lockdown and everything else,” Byrne said. “But eventually I realized, oh, this is what you’re doing.” (The drawings in the show are for sale, priced at $8,000 apiece.)
At the time, Byrne wasn’t writing songs. “Now I’m starting to be able to write again,” he said. “But during the depth of the pandemic, nothing. Nothing at all. I mean, I could do collaborations with other people” — like “Who Has Seen the Wind?,” his recently released cover recorded with Yo La Tengo for a Yoko Ono tribute album put together by Ben Gibbard of Death Cab for Cutie. (Ono recorded the haunting track in 1970.
“Those were kind of easy,” he said. “But I thought, I have not been able to process this thing — how I feel about it, what it means. I can’t write about health policy in a song. But somehow with drawing, I would just start doing something and it would just kind of flow out.”
Otherwise, Byrne makes little distinction between art and music — an attitude he shares with art-school alums like Brian Eno and Laurie Anderson. Like them, he occupies a liminal space where music shades into performance art and art has a Conceptualist bent, meaning among other things that it’s more likely to take the form of an installation than of traditional painting or sculpture. This helps explain why his show at Pace, though focusing on the conventional medium of drawing, is titled “How I Learned About Non-Rational Logic,” a seeming contradiction that in fact has to do with the interconnection of art and music. As Byrne explains in a brief essay that’s mounted on the gallery wall, “Both art and music seem to bypass the rational and logical parts of the mind — rather, they are understood by myriad parts of the brain that are connected to one another. It is a different way of understanding. The effect of this interconnection is pleasurable, ecstatic even.”
Byrne’s art education ended in the early ’70s, when he dropped out of, first, the Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, and then the Maryland Institute College of Art in his hometown, Baltimore. His student work consisted of questionnaires about the different states of the union. “It didn’t get much traction,” he admitted. “I had questions like, which state in your opinion has the best shape?” He gave a short laugh. “Not getting very far with that.”
He wasn’t expecting to get very far with music either, but when Chris Frantz, a fellow RISD student who’d become the drummer of the little group they’d formed in New York, told him about this happening club on the Bowery called CBGB, they decided to audition anyway. It was early 1975. Talking Heads was opening for Ramones in June 1975. They were connected to Eno in London two more years later. John Cale, a member of the Velvet Underground, had seen them at CBGB several times and he brought Eno to the small cellar club in Covent Garden, where they were playing.
It was a good match. A few months later, Eno referred to them in a song called “King’s Lead Hat,” an anagram of “Talking Heads.” And in the years that followed he helped them explore the wonderfully syncopated African polyrhythms that became increasingly prevalent on the group’s next three LPs, which he produced. He has been a key collaborator of Byrne’s ever since, from “My Life in the Bush of Ghosts,” released in 1981, to “American Utopia,” the album that gave rise to the Broadway show, eight of whose ten songs they wrote together.
In 2014, when Byrne was in London for the National Theater production of “Here Lies Love,” his hit musical — Ben Brantley of The New York Times called it a “poperetta”— about Imelda Marcos, Eno introduced him to Mala Gaonkar, a hedge fund manager who co-founded the Surgo Foundation, a self-described “action tank” that tackles public health problems like AIDS and lack of access to toilets. Byrne had done art installations before — most notably “Playing the Building,” a “sound sculpture” that New York magazine called “a marriage of the industrial and the sublime.” But this meeting generated Byrne’s most ambitious art project to date: an immersive art-and-science experience that is scheduled to debut this summer in Denver.
As Byrne describes it, he and Gaonkar “both had this interest in presenting scientific inquiry in a way that was more accessible to the public. The sciences used to be called a form of art, but now they’re very much separate, and we thought, oh, can we bring that together again?”
The initial result was a 2016 installation at Pace Art + Technology, the gallery’s Silicon Valley offshoot, called “The Institute Presents: Neurosociety.” Itself an experiment of sorts, it presented recent work in psychology and neuroscience in a game-show-like format. (Wired described it as “a little weird,” but “very cool.”) There were moral dilemmas — suppose you were a drone operator and a girl was selling bread in front of a terrorist safe house? — and perceptual distortions.
“There were things that didn’t work out,” Byrne acknowledged — like a quiz based on research led by the Princeton psychologist Alexander Todorov that showed that people could predict which candidate would win an election simply by glancing at their faces. “They got it right about 70 percent of the time, which of course is terrifying,” Byrne said. The problem was, “number one, people did not like receiving such bad news. And also, it’s not based on what you as an individual voted for, it’s an aggregate of what everybody voted for — so people would go, Wait a minute, I didn’t pick that one! And they were right.”
If all goes according to plan, this August, a completely redesigned and expanded version Silicon Valley’s show will open in Denver, in an old Army medical supply depot. Titled “Theater of the Mind” and presented by the Off-Center program of the Denver Center for the Performing Arts, it dispenses with the election questions and other elements in favor of a narrative approach that somehow, I’m told, relates to Byrne’s life. It also “shows how easily manipulated our senses are,” said Charlie Miller, Off-Center’s curator.
And the title? “It’s a phrase that Oliver Sacks used,” Byrne recalls. “He said the brain seems to be a kind of theater that presents things to us — it’s not real. You’re watching a show.”
Demonstrating, I suppose. That even though we can connect, reality is a more difficult nut.
David Byrne: What I Learned About Non Rational Logic
February 2 through March 19, Pace Gallery 540 West 25th Street Chelsea; pacegallery.com. On Feb. 7 at 7 p.m., Pace Live will present David Byrne in conversation with John Wilson, host of the HBO series “How To With John Wilson.”
Source: NY Times